The physiological symptoms, which may lead to suicide

Nobody wants mental pain. But sometimes it occurs in a bad way, then one may think of committing suicide. See this text to understand the symptoms of suicide. It is the law of nature and divine, that you will face good and bad times in a simultaneous manner. This means, when you are going through a bad situation, a good time is surely waiting for you.

The opposite is also true. This is the truth. Though, you may need to struggle to get in the good time soon, but that won’t be tough. But, a few people do not comprehend this simple psychology. To them, a good time is so blissful, that they want to live their entire life embracing that. But, one the other hand, a bad time seems to be so for their entire lifetime and thus they think of those things which one should never do.

Ways to prevent suicide

According to our studies as on preventing suicide we have found out a lot of interesting information. Yes, it is suicide. It has been seen in many researches, that there are a few countries, where people die more from suicide, than from diseases. Though, it is the worst decision, one will ever take out of frustration, prior psychological signs and improper mental health may expose if one will commit suicide.

As nothing could be done after somebody commits suicide, whatever should be done, should be done before the person do so. If you find a person has suffered a tremendous shock, and they are behaving in a gloomy way, then it is likely to commit suicide. If they behave in an irrelevant manner, and behave differently to normal situations, then it is likely, that they will commit such wrongdoings. As no one wants, that someone commits suicide, it is always necessary to treat them psychologically. You can visit our website on a regular basis to learn more about psychological problem.

Enhance your mental health by finding time for yourself

Sometimes, you may find it difficult to find time for yourself and thus you may result in a bad mental health. Read this to keep yourself entertained, even after a tight schedule

In today’s age of globalization, everybody is busy with their work. In the midst of the work pressure, you may forget to find out time for yourself. There is an old saying, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” The mentality of working is good, but do not allow it to change your psychology. You should always find some time for yourself, so that you can enjoy on your own. If you cannot find that, you will not only regret your life when you will grow old, but also, you will not be that successful in your site, which you deserve.

The ways to keep yourself entertained

In a research on, it has been found that, those who have a high work pressure has a poor psychology, compared to those, who have little or no work pressure at their site. It is because, refreshment is a vital thing in everybody’s life. Though it may be tough to find out time for yourself in a tight schedule, if you get a moment when you can enjoy, try to grab the opportunity. If you are working in a sector, where you have to sit in front of a computer for hours, then, the time you get for yourself should be utilized by moving away from a computer or your Smartphone. Spend the time with your loved ones, hangout with your pals, or do something to entertain you.

In a word, the time you get for yourself should be enjoyed in the way, so that you can keep distance from the thing which you need in your job. This is the best way, you can entertain yourself and keep yourself happy. Our research work can help you and give you some tips to keep yourself happy and maintain your job life. 

Moderate Mental Retardation

Moderate Mental Retardation

Moderate mantal retardation (IQ score 35-40) represent about 10 percent of person with mental retardation. There are three test stage for testing moderate mental retardation disorder;

Interview with the parent,  Watching the childiren with disorder and Test

Proberty of MR

May have important relationship with the people in their life.

May learn to navigate their community and travel with support

Can have difficulty planning trip and handling money independly

May recognize environmental print (Example; signs ,logos,  sight words) in their life.

May need visual prompts such as daily schedule and pictures of routines.

Will need support in their daily lives.

May display independence in certain daily living activities,such as dressing and bathing.

Most live dependently with their family

Social works are limited.

But learning basic skill. Like reading,writing and counting.

Treatment for Moderate MR

Guided therapy and one by one help can do wonders for people with moderate MR disorder. Special education is needed,but if provide, it can really assist with person being able to be more self sufficient in life. Depending on the exact symptoms and the degree of the disability, different methods may be needed, but overall there is a very good chance that help is available.

After weighing strength and weaknesses of a child, a therapist will be able to develop specialized program that can enable a person to be able to function better in life.


Is somatic disorders syndrome or physical illness?

Somatic symptom disorder is feeling pain on the body depending on mental health problems. A person feeling pain in their part of body but no physical cause can be found. This disorder begin at the middle-ages. And culture is effective this disorder. Somatic symptom disorder occurs more offen in collectivistic culture than individualistic culture. Additionaly somatization occurs more offen in women than man. But there are any difference high educated people. 

Stigmatization may be cause somatization especiallyin collectivistic culture.

Somatic symptom disorder to be seen which physical part, people heartbreak in here. Example, if someone talk to you heartbreaker, you will feeling pain in your heart. Because there is relationship between brain and body. Brain cope with this mental problem which send to pain your hearth. 

How to boost your energy?

The next thing that helps you to increase your energy is to have a cup of green tea. One of the reasons individuals feel as if they have low energy is that they’re seriously dehydrated and require gaining more water. Remaining hydrated is a natural energy booster. Sipping a cup of green tea or white tea, which is the younger plant of green tea, can be helpful to replenish the fluids. Furthermore, drinking water regularly can increase the amount of hydration in your body.

 In the current paper, eating high-energy foods is the subsequent technique to regain energy. Remember that we’re not talking about power bars or energy drinks. While they can cater quick energy, they also can cause you to crash when they vanish. As a replacement, select high-energy foods that have fundamental vitamins and minerals such as Vitamins B1, B2, and B6 that specially help your body transform carbohydrates into energy. For instance, foods full of B vitamins that will work as pick-me-up snacks include yogurt, whole grains, and sunflower seeds. Minerals in nuts, whole grains, and dairy products also raise energy by assisting metabolism. Other edibles such as cashews, almonds, hazelnuts, Brazil nuts, lean meats, salmon and etc. can also be applicable.

Taking a power nap is the other method you can choose to enhance the lost energy. A power nap or siesta will help you feel refreshed. However, there’s no need to get into deep sleep especially in the afternoon, or you’ll be drowsy afterward. Majority of people believe that 20 minutes is ideal and just enough to refresh your body’s systems.

Generally speaking stepping outside is favorable for different styles that can be the next method of this paper. Sunshine gives you energy because you’re getting vitamin D and vitamin D can help boost your mood and mental performance. However, keep your face out of the sun and don’t bake. Remember always protect yourself from the sun’s harmful UV rays. Taking just 10 to 15 minutes to step outside for some fresh air and sunshine can get back the lost energy to go work feeling refreshed and energetic. 

Taking the stairs can be the next useful way to raise energy. Instead of using lift in your office building or flat, a quick flight up the stairs will provide aerobic exercise and help you feel more energetic. Doing exercise not only assists your body function better, it also enhances the amount of oxygen in your blood and causes your heart to beat faster, which increases blood flow to your muscles and back to your lungs. It also releases endorphins, hormone-like substances that further an increased sense of contentment.

The last method we’re going to state is to stop multitasking. Individuals are seriously doing themselves a disservice by attempting to do too much at the same time. Consequently they’re causing way too much stress on themselves and they’re not able to focus on giving each task their undivided attention. Furthermore, if they do their daily activities at once, they can dedicate more energy to each one. Eventually, it will make you feel as if you have more energy overall and seem to look exhausted and bored.

Social relations are another natural energy booster and it is proven that individuals gain huge amounts of energy from having friends, helping others, and giving of themselves. For instance, phoning a friend is one of these methods. So if you’re feeling down or have low energy, take a few minutes to call someone whose voice will perk you up. Moreover, doing positive things and voluntary works can be useful to regain your energy.

Another method for increasing the energy is Meditation. Researches are shown that a mini-meditation break of 5 to 10 minutes can be a great natural energy booster. There is a lot of clinical evidence that people who meditate are less stressed and have higher energy levels. As a result you can feel refreshed and more energized after meditating.

You can easily insert these natural energy boosters in your daily schedule and prioritize one of them to regain your energy day by day.

Why some people lie others don't

Some people believe you need lies to survive in a relationship. I would argue that this is untrue. Misleading a person distorts their reality and makes them feel crazy, which is one of the most unethical things you can do to another person. So what can you do to be more honest? You can begin by being honest with yourself.

People who lie in relationships are divided into two categories, the ones who lie hoping to rescue the relationship and the ones who lie to cover their mistakes.

I personally don’t agree with both groups as lying will only solve problems on the short term but will ruin things on the long term especially if the lies were discovered. A third category includes those who cheat. people who cheat in a relationship will usually want to hide every possible trace they left and that's why they lie.

How you can avoid it:

Think long-term. When you’re attracted to be less than honest, consider your final goal: to have a happy marriage, say, or a solid friendship. Then, when torn between fact and fiction, ask yourself, “Which will put me closer to my goal?” Usually the choice is clear.

Keep it simple. Most of the time, a short apology is all that’s required, and you can omit some details without sacrificing the truth. 

Therapy over the phone as effective as face-to-face

A new study reveals that cognitive therapy over the phone is just as effective as meeting face-to-face. The research was published September 28, in the journal PLoS ONE.

Researchers at the University of Cambridge together with the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research & Care (NIHR CLAHRC) and NHS Midlands & East also found that providing talking therapy over the phone increases access to psychological therapies for people with common mental disorders and potentially saves the NHS money.

For the study, data from 39,000 patients in seven established Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services (an initiative which aims to expand the availability of psychological therapies) in the East of England were used to compare Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) delivered face-to-face versus over the phone. For all but an infrequent, identifiable clinical group with more severe illness, therapy over the phone was as effective as face to face, and the cost per session was 36.2% lower.

Patients may be unable to access health services due to transport problems, work commitments and physical disability, among many reasons. So increasing availability of talking therapies over the phone will make mental health services more accessible to patients.

On the back of the study results, NHS Midlands & East has instigated a regional training programme to standardise service delivery and ensure therapists are competent at phone contacts. The training programme has recently been extended into a partnership with a third party organisation.

Professor Peter Jones, Principal Investigator of the study from the University of Cambridge, said: "Providing therapy over the phone will not only help individuals gain much-needed access to mental health treatment, it will provide a more cost effective way of providing these services at a time when everyone is concerned about cutting costs."

Mental health illnesses affect one in four adults in Britain every year. Additionally, the NHS spends more on mental health than it does on cancer, heart disease, stroke and asthma put together (a total of £9.95 billion in 2010-2011), with general practitioners spending more than a third of their time on mental health issues.

Journal Reference:

  1. Hammond GC, Croudace TJ, Radhakrishnan M, Lafortune L, Watson A, et al. Comparative Effectiveness of Cognitive Therapies Delivered Face-To-Face or Over the Telephone: An Observational Study Using Propensity Methods. PLoS ONE, 2012 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042916

Discrimination from one's manager really hurts

NewsPsychology (Oct. 3, 2012) — Mental health workers are more likely to be depressed or anxious when they experience discrimination from their managers than when it comes from patients, a study has found.

Discrimination from the patients’ visitors also causes more distress than discrimination from the patients.

A research team led by Professor Stephen Wood at the University of Leicester’s School of Management looked at the effects of prejudice, including sex, racial and age discrimination, from different groups of people on mental health workers.

The study, funded by the Department of Health’s National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, draws on the experience of 1,733 mental health workers in the UK, including doctors, nurses, psychiatrists and support staff. The researchers distributed questionnaires to every worker in 100 wards and 36 outpatient teams, measuring four states of mind: anxiety, depression, emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. It also looked at whether they had experienced discrimination in the past year, alongside more general questions such as how fair they perceived their organisation to be.

They then used advanced statistical analysis to assess whether workers who suffered discrimination at the hands of four different groups of people — patients, visitors, managers and co-workers — were more or less likely than other workers to have negative feelings.

From the four different discrimination sources, discrimination from managers had the largest impact on the anxiety, depression, emotional exhaustion and job dissatisfaction of the mental health worker. In addition, and perhaps surprisingly, discrimination from patients’ visitors had a larger impact on depression and emotional exhaustion than discrimination from the patients themselves. Discrimination from one’s fellow workers had less effect on any form of distress than that from managers or visitors.

Stephen Wood, Professor of Management at the Leicester School of Management, said: “The finding that managers can distress workers the most can be explained by managers’ large power over staff’s working lives, including their chances of keeping a job and winning promotion. Moreover, workers feel distressed if they feel the organisation employing them is not treating them fairly — and the behaviour of managers is key to this sense of fairness.

“Aggression from relatives and other visitors is, like aggression from managers, viewed as reflecting badly on the procedures and fairness of the organisation. However, aggression from patients is not readily attributed to failings in the organisation.”

The researchers suggest in a paper on the findings that a tightening of policy towards visitors may be desirable, arguing: “The option of permanently excluding them from the premises or involving the police might increase the sense that the organisation is concerned about their staff’s welfare and treats them fairly.”

Professor Wood’s co-authors are Johan Braeken, Professor of Methodology and Statistics at Tilburg University in the Netherlands, and Karen Niven of Manchester Business School.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Leicester.

Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.

Journal Reference:

  1. Stephen Wood, Johan Braeken, Karen Niven. Discrimination and Well-Being in Organizations: Testing the Differential Power and Organizational Justice Theories of Workplace Aggression. Journal of Business Ethics, 2012; DOI: 10.1007/s10551-012-1404-5

Memory and thought-process training show promise in managing breast cancer symptoms

NewsPsychology (Oct. 3, 2012) — A new Indiana University study is the first of its kind to show it may be possible to improve memory and thought process speed among breast cancer survivors.

Diane M. Von Ah, Ph.D., R.N., assistant professor at the IU School of Nursing and a researcher at the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center, and colleagues studied two different treatment options for breast cancer survivors because they often report problems with memory or feelings of mental slowness, which can lead to depression, anxiety, fatigue and an overall poorer quality of life. These symptoms can be severe and may persist after cancer treatment ends.

To date, there have been very few treatment options available for patients to deal with these problems. The IU researchers compared no treatment to two different training programs.

The results, recently published in the journal Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, showed that a memory training program improved memory performance, while a program called Insight, developed by Posit Science, improved both memory performance and the ability and speed in which the survivors processed information.

Memory training, for example, involved teaching participants strategies for remembering word lists, sequences and text material.

Insight is a computer program in which study participants followed a series of progressively more difficult information tasks.

“These results are encouraging in that both training programs led to positive improvements for breast cancer survivors. The results suggest that the Insight program may have a greater impact on these women,” Dr. Von Ah said. “Even though this was the largest cognitive training study in breast cancer survivors, we need to confirm our findings in a larger study.”

The study included 82 breast cancer survivors who reported concerns about their cognitive function, such as poor memory and mental slowness. All of the women had undergone chemotherapy. Each woman completed cognitive assessments prior to, immediately after, and two months after training.

The study was supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar Program, an American Cancer Society Institutional Research Grant, the IU School of Nursing Center for Enhancing Quality of Life in Chronic Illness, and the Mary Margaret Walther Program of the Walther Cancer Institute.

Co-authors included the following IU Simon Cancer Center researchers: Janet S. Carpenter, Ph.D., R.N., and Michael Weaver, Ph.D., R.N., both of the IU School of Nursing; Andrew Saykin, Psy.D., Patrick Monahan, Ph.D., Bryan Schneider, M.D., Fred Unverzagt, Ph.D., and Jingwei Wu, M.S., of the IU School of Medicine; Menggang Yu, Ph.D., of the University of Wisconsin; George Rebok, Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins University; and Karlene Ball, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Indiana University School of Medicine.

Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.

Prenatal mercury exposure may be linked to risk of ADHD-related behaviors; Fish consumption may be linked to lower risk

A study of children in the New Bedford, Mass., area suggests that low-level prenatal mercury exposure may be associated with a greater risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related behaviors and that fish consumption during pregnancy may be associated with a lower risk of these behaviors, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and affects 8 percent to 12 percent of children worldwide, although its cause is not well understood. The developmental neurotoxicity of mercury is known, but the findings from epidemiological studies are inconsistent with some studies showing associations between mercury exposure and ADHD-related behaviors and others reporting null associations, according to the study background.

Nonoccupational methylmercury exposure comes primarily from eating fish, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have recommended pregnant women limit their total fish intake to no more than two, six-ounce servings per week. However, fish is also a source of nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to benefit brain development, potentially confounding mercury-related risk estimates, the study background also indicates.

Sharon K. Sagiv, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the Boston University School of Public Health, and colleagues analyzed data from the New Bedford birth cohort, a group of infants born between 1993 and 1998, to investigate the association of peripartum maternal hair mercury levels (n=421) and prenatal fish intake (n=515) with ADHD-related behaviors at age 8 years.

"In this population-based prospective cohort study, hair mercury levels were consistently associated with ADHD-related behaviors, including inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. We also found that higher prenatal fish consumption was protective for these behaviors," the authors comment.

Statistical analysis indicates mercury exposure appeared to be associated with inattention and impulsivity/hyperactivity and some outcomes had an apparent threshold with associations at 1 μg/g (microgram/per gram) or greater of mercury. For example, at 1 μg/g or greater, the adjusted risk ratios for mild/markedly atypical inattentive and impulsive/hyperactive behaviors were 1.4 and 1.7 respectively, according to the study results.

There also appeared to be a "protective" (lower risk) association for fish consumption of greater than two servings per week with ADHD-related behaviors, particularly impulsive/hyperactive behaviors (relative risk = 0.4), the study results show.

"In summary, these results suggest that prenatal mercury exposure is associated with a higher risk of ADHD-related behaviors, and fish consumption during pregnancy is associated with a lower risk of these behaviors," the authors conclude. "Although a single estimate combining these beneficial vs. detrimental effects vis-à-vis fish intake is not possible with these data, these findings are consistent with a growing literature showing risk of mercury exposure and benefits of maternal consumption of fish on fetal brain development and are important for informing dietary recommendations for pregnant women."

Editorial: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder a Preventable Epidemic?

In an editorial, Bruce P. Lanphear, M.D., M.P.H., of Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, writes: "The study by Sagiv et al, which tested whether prenatal exposure to methyl mercury was associated with the development of ADHD-related behaviors, is an important and rigorously conducted prospective birth cohort study."

"What are the implications of the Sagiv et al study and other research on environmental contaminants and ADHD? First, we can take some comfort in recent legislation to reduce mercury contamination, at least from domestic sources. Second, these studies should spur our efforts to enhance the collection of data needed to calculate national estimates and trends in ADHD," Lanphear continues.

"Third, it is time to convene a national scientific advisory panel to evaluate environmental influences of ADHD and make recommendations about what can be done to prevent it. Fourth, this study and a flurry of new evidence linking environmental contaminants with ADHD reinforce the urgency of revising the regulatory framework for environmental contaminants and toxicants," Lanphear concludes.

Journal References:

  1. Sagiv SK, Thurston SW, Bellinger DC, Amarasiriwardena C, Korrick SA. Prenatal Exposure to Mercury and Fish Consumption During Pregnancy and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder–Related Behavior in Children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2012; DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1286
  2. Lanphear BP. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preventable Epidemic? Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2012; DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1900